воскресенье, 15 ноября 2015 г.

Classroom language to encourage ELL

1. The use of ‘we’ is more inclusive, it suggests the teacher and the learner can work together to solve a problem and not against each other. It again helps to avoid the potential for immediate conflict.
2. The use of ‘but’ negates the first part of the sentence, when our brain hears ‘but’ it does not
remember  the words before the ‘but’, only the words which come after. Changing the ‘but’ to ‘and’ makes sure the learner hears the positive part of the sentence as well as the more negative part. It is more motivating for most learners.
3. ‘Why’ immediately puts the brain on the defensive and leads us to want to justify our case. Some learners quite simply do not know why they just behaved badly. ‘How’ gives the learner more opportunity to speak without having to justify their behaviour.
4. ‘Either… or’ immediately closes down the learners’ possibilities and forces them to make a
choice which will annoy some learners who feel they are being bullied. This is a threat and most learners do not react well to being threatened. This sentence gives the teacher control of the situation and also gives the learner some control as they can choose to do what the teacher wants and what the learner wants. It is a win-win situation.
5.  Some teachers will prefer sentence which makes the rule clear. It is potentially
confrontational as this type of comment is often said when a teacher is angry and can create a
feeling of a battle, where the teacher is determined to win. Even if the teacher ‘wins’, the learner will feel humiliated and the relationship will not be good with the teacher.
6. The use of ‘don’t‘  encourages the brain to think of doing the forbidden activity.  It is better to tell a learner what you want them to do rather than what you don’t want them to do
7. The use of ‘please’ suggests the teacher is making a request and the learner has some choice
about what to do. The use of ‘thanks’ suggests the teacher expects the learner to follow the instruction and that it will happen. This is usually better when a teacher is trying to enforce discipline.

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